Australia is the world’s sixth largest country, comprising an area of approximately 7.7 million square kilometers. Australia is comprised of six states (Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, and New South Wales, which includes Sydney, Australia’s largest city) and two territories (the Australian Capital Territory, which includes Canberra, and the Northern Territory).
Australia is also one of the wealthiest countries in world. The economy of Australia is highly developed and one of the largest mixed market economies in the world, with a GDP of AUD$1.69 trillion as of 2017. Australia is the second wealthiest nation in terms of wealth per adult, after Switzerland. Australia’s total wealth was AUD$8.9 trillion as of June 2016. Australia is often referred to as the “Lucky Country”, with its spacious surroundings, high standard of living, excellent health and education system, temperate climates, wide and varied landscapes, political and economic stability, and a high quality of life. Many countries around the world envy it for these reasons. The multicultural background and diverse ecosystems also makes Australia special, unique, and beautiful. It is a great country to settle in and is viewed by many as the “land of opportunity” for people of all races.
Australia is a stable, democratic society with a skilled workforce and has grown at an average annual rate of 3.6% for the past 15 years. This sustained growth places Australia in the top ranks of developed countries in terms of economic growth. With a population of 25 million, Australia is the only nation to govern an entire continent and is the sixth largest country in the world in terms of land area.
Australia, with its abundant physical resources, has enjoyed a high standard of living since the nineteenth century. It is ranked 2nd on the United Nations’ Human Development index, which measures education, life expectancy and standard of living. This is why immigration is an important feature of Australian society. Since 1945, over six million people from 200 countries have come to Australia as new settlers. Migrants have made a major contribution to shaping modern Australia. People born overseas make up almost 1/3 of the total population.
Today, more than 25 percent of Australians are foreign born, while more than 40 percent are of mixed cultural origin. In Australian homes, 226 different languages spoken; after English, the most popular languages spoken are Italian, Hindi, Greek, Cantonese, and Arabic.
The federal government sets immigration intake numbers on a yearly basis; and their immigration policies are non-discriminatory, with applicants having only to meet the same selection criteria. The Australian Government is currently focusing on migrants who can demonstrate they will bring Professional, Trade, or Business skills to Australia.